MTSS and Mental Health Integration

What is ISF?
Foundational Resources
DE-PBS/AWARE Hosted Events

What is an Interconnected Systems Framework (ISF)?

Education and mental health leaders understand the need to establish one system of social-emotional and behavioral supports in schools. The Interconnected Systems Framework (ISF) is a way to blend PBIS with mental health supports in schools. This framework guides state, district, and community leaders to fund and modify policies and procedures to help every system work more efficiently. Clinicians – supported by integrated district structures – become part of multi-tiered school teams to address the social-emotional and behavior needs of all students. ISF expands the PBIS framework as a way to assist teams and enhance their efforts (Center on PBIS, 2021). 

Foundational Resources

Mental Health/Social-Emotional-Behavioral Well-Being

Check out resources on from the National Technical Assistance Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions & Support

Mental Health Integration through an Interconnected Systems Framework

Find additional resources from Midwest PBIS Network 

DE-PBS & Project DelAWARE Hosted Events

Interconnected Systems Framework (ISF) Workshop 

The Interconnected Systems Framework (ISF) is a structure and process to integrate Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports and School Mental Health within school systems. The goal is to blend resources, training, systems, data, and practices in order to improve outcomes for all children and youth. There is an emphasis on prevention, early identification, and intervention of the social, emotional, and behavior needs of students. Family and community partner involvement is critical to this framework.

Summer 2023

Guest Presenter: Susan Barrett from the Center for Social Behavioral Support


Summer 2021

Guest Presenter: Dr. Kimberly Yanek – Co-Director for the Social Behavior Support at Center for Implementation & Evaluation of Education Systems and Technical Assistance Director for Center on PBIS



School Mental Health Leadership Convening

February 16, 2023

This 2-hour virtual learning session, hosted by Project DelAWARE, is for Delaware district and school leaders, and community partners championing multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS) with integrated mental health prevention and response efforts.

Guest presenters, Susan Barrett and Kimberly Yanek, Ph.D., from the Center for Social Behavioral Support 



An introduction to the Interconnected Systems Framework including a review of the benefits

Describes what will be different for educators andmental health providers when school mental health is integrated into a Multi-Tiered System of Support

Describes how to use school and community data to determine what interventions to select and implement to meet the diverse needs of all students


Integrating a Trauma-Informed Approach within a PBIS Framework, Center on PBIS, November 2020

The purpose of this Guide is to describe how district and school leaders can incorporate trauma-informed practices within a Positive Behavioral Interventions and Support (PBIS) framework. This ensures that the investments in training school personnel about trauma can be integrated into a system that links these efforts to student outcomes. Recommendations are included for how to adjust the PBIS framework to support trauma-informed practices.

Advancing Education Effectiveness: Interconnecting School Mental Health and School-wide Positive Behavior Support, September 2017

Volume 1

Volume 2: An Implementation Guide

This monograph is about improving the quality of life and outcomes for children and youth, especially those children who are at risk for or experiencing emotional and behavioral challenges. The editors have wisely chosen a title for the monograph that signals the pivotal role of education in this endeavor. Advancing Education Effectiveness: Interconnecting School Mental Health and School- wide Positive Behavioral Support clearly conveys the message that effective education is the primary goal and linking two important processes will be the strategy promoted to achieve this goal. The Interconnected Systems Framework (ISF) is described in the following chapters as the proposed mechanism that can effectively link School Mental Health (SMH) and Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) in order to leverage the individual strengths of each of these processes and produce enhanced teaching and learning environments through their strategic linkage.